Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOI) are
- Best known to be powerful anti-depressants.
- They are effective therapeutic agents for panic disorder and social phobia.
- MAOIs are tried when other antidepressants don’t work, due to side effects.
- MAOIs can cause dangerous interactions with foods and beverages that contain Tyramine. See table below.
- Tyramine is an amino acid that regulates blood pressure
- It occurs naturally in the body, and it’s found in certain foods.
Important: Clients taking MAOIs will need to avoid foods containing high levels of tyramine.
Common side effects of MAOIs include:
- Dry mouth, Headache, Drowsiness
- Nausea, diarrhea or constipation
- Dizziness or light-headedness
- Skin reaction at the patch site
- Monitor for occipital headache, nausea, vomiting, sweating, fever, chest pain.
- Notify the MD quickly, if client complain of any of the signs above.
- Monitor for other drug interactions e.g. sedatives, hypnotics, & analgesics.
- Check if client is taking Herbal products – St John’s wort has a potential for adverse reaction when taken with antidepressants.
To Your Success!